What does an inguinal hernia look like on a woman
When part of an organ protrudes through an abnormal opening or in an abnormal way, this is called a hernia. A groin inguinal hernia occurs when part of the intestine bulges through a weak spot in the abdominal wall at the inguinal canal. The inguinal canal is a passageway through the abdominal wall near the groin. Inguinal hernias are up to 10 times more common in men than in women. About one in four men develop a hernia at some point in life. In adults, direct and indirect inguinal hernias look and feel about the same.
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Signs you might have a hernia
When part of an organ protrudes through an abnormal opening or in an abnormal way, this is called a hernia. A groin inguinal hernia occurs when part of the intestine bulges through a weak spot in the abdominal wall at the inguinal canal. The inguinal canal is a passageway through the abdominal wall near the groin. Inguinal hernias are up to 10 times more common in men than in women. About one in four men develop a hernia at some point in life.
In adults, direct and indirect inguinal hernias look and feel about the same. They can occur on one or both sides of the groin. Your doctor may not know which type of hernia you have until surgery is performed. However, both types of hernias are treated in a similar manner. A type of hernia called a femoral hernia can appear similar to an inguinal hernia. Femoral hernias are much more common in women than in men. They may cause a lump that appears just below the groin and extends into the upper portion of the thigh.
In a femoral hernia, a portion of the intestine protrudes through the passage that is normally used by large blood vessels the femoral artery and vein when they pass between the abdomen and the leg. Femoral hernias are most common in older, overweight women. At first, an inguinal hernia either may not cause any symptoms or may cause only a feeling of heaviness or pressure in the groin. Symptoms are most likely to appear after standing for long periods, or when you engage in activities that increase pressure inside the abdomen, such as heavy lifting, persistent coughing or straining while urinating or moving the bowels.
As the hernia grows, it eventually causes an abnormal bulge under the skin near the groin. This bulge may become increasingly more uncomfortable or tender to the touch. As the hernia increases in size, a portion of herniated intestine may become trapped and unable to slide back into the abdomen. If this happens, there is a danger that the trapped intestine may twist and die because its blood supply is cut off. This causes severe pain and requires immediate treatment. Your doctor will review your symptoms and medical history.
He or she will ask you when you first noticed the lump in your groin, whether it has become larger, and whether it hurts. Doctors can diagnose most inguinal hernias by examining the area. Your doctor will look for an abnormal protrusion near your groin and will feel the area to check for a mass.
Often, the protruding hernia can be pushed back temporarily into the abdomen with careful pressure. Your doctor may ask you to cough or strain, which may make the hernia easier to feel or see. In some cases, your doctor may need to confirm the diagnosis with an ultrasound or computed tomography CT scan.
In these procedures, painless sound waves or X-rays can distinguish a hernia from other causes of a mass in the groin area, such as an enlarged lymph node swollen gland.
An inguinal hernia will not heal on its own. It is likely to become larger and cause increased discomfort until it is repaired.
Hernias that are not repaired can cause bowel obstruction or strangulation, which is when part of the intestine dies because its blood supply is cut off. Indirect hernias in children cannot be prevented. To reduce the risk of inguinal hernia as an adult, you can:. Not all hernias need to be treated.
However, most hernias that cause symptoms or that become even a little larger should be repaired by a surgeon. While awaiting surgery, some people wear a device called a truss, which puts pressure on the hernia and may help relieve discomfort temporarily. Except in very rare cases, the truss should not be considered a long term solution. There are two basic types of hernia repair: open surgery or laparoscopic surgery.
Both usually are done on an outpatient basis and take about one hour to complete. Contact your doctor if you develop a lump, tenderness or a persistent feeling of heaviness in your groin area. In babies and young children, call your doctor promptly if you notice a lump in the child's groin or scrotum. Hernia surgery is very safe and usually quite effective. After open surgery, the person can usually resume normal activities within one to two weeks. For laparoscopic surgery, full recovery generally takes one week or less.
After any hernia surgery, the person should avoid heavy lifting for six to eight weeks or as long as the doctor directs to allow muscle and tissues to heal completely.
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Inguinal Hernia What Is It? Published: July, E-mail Address. First Name Optional.
How Hernias Present in Women
Hernias are relatively common and can afflict anyone. But how do you know if you have one? Hernias can be caused by a variety of circumstances.
A hernia occurs when an internal organ or other body part protrudes through the wall of muscle or tissue that normally contains it. Most hernias occur within the abdominal cavity, between the chest and the hips. Inguinal and femoral hernias are due to weakened muscles that may have been present since birth, or are associated with aging and repeated strains on the abdominal and groin areas. Such strain may come from physical exertion, obesity, pregnancy, frequent coughing, or straining on the toilet due to constipation. Adults may get an umbilical hernia by straining the abdominal area, being overweight, having a long-lasting heavy cough or after giving birth.
A sports hernia in women can go undiagnosed for months, or even years. A hernia occurs when an area in the abdominal wall becomes thin, weak, or separated, allowing the internal organs, such as the small intestines, to push through. The hernia may cause bearable bouts of severe abdominal and pelvic pain. The symptoms of hernias in women are quite different from those experienced by men. One difference is the location. In women, the hernia is frequently deeper in the body and therefore less visible than in men. A woman with a hernia often has chronic deep pelvic pain or bouts of acute, stabbing pain that come on quickly and lingers.
If you do not have an inguinal hernia, see information on common types of hernias. These include incisional, epigastric, and umbilical hernias in children and adults. An inguinal hernia say "IN-gwuh-nul HER-nee-uh" occurs when tissue pushes through a weak spot in your groin muscle. This causes a bulge in the groin or scrotum.
When Fergie sang about "lovely lady lumps," she certainly wasn't talking about hernias. But that's exactly what they are def not lovely tho —little bulges that occur when an internal organ pushes through the wall of muscle or tissue surrounding it, says Mary Ann Hopkins, M. But left untreated, certain hernias can lead to discomfort, pain, and more dangerous conditions like intestinal blockages and even gangrene. Like we said: Hernias occur when your an internal organ busts through its protective layer of tissue and muscle.
The Differences Between Hernias in Men Versus Women
Inguinal hernias occur when part of the membrane lining the abdominal cavity omentum or intestine protrudes through a weak spot in the abdomen — often along the inguinal canal, which carries the spermatic cord in men. An inguinal hernia occurs when tissue, such as part of the intestine, protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles. The resulting bulge can be painful, especially when you cough, bend over or lift a heavy object. An inguinal hernia isn't necessarily dangerous.
Chronic pelvic pain in women due to hernias may be misdiagnosed by practicing clinicians. These fascial defects, their symptoms, physical findings, and proper treatment must be known in order to help women experiencing this form of chronic pelvic pain. All procedures were performed by the primary author using standard laparoscopic tension-free mesh techniques. The study included patients referred to a chronic pelvic pain clinic, who underwent laparoscopic surgical repairs of hernial defects. Ninety percent of the patients underwent concomitant procedures appropriate for their multiple pain generators.
What Is a Hernia?
An inguinal hernia occurs in the abdomen near the groin area. They develop when fatty or intestinal tissues push through a weakness in the abdominal wall near the right or left inguinal canal. Each inguinal canal resides at the base of the abdomen. Both men and woman have inguinal canals. In men, the testes usually descend through their canal by around a few weeks before birth. In women, each canal is the location of passage for the round ligament of the uterus.
Find out about the most common hernias in men and women and treatment options that work best for each sex. But other types of hernias are actually more common in women, while still others occur at similar rates in men and women. Hernias occur when an organ or tissue bulges through a weak spot in the wall of muscle that's holding it in.
Back to Health A to Z. In many cases, it causes no or very few symptoms, although you may notice a swelling or lump in your tummy abdomen or groin. The lump can often be pushed back in or disappears when you lie down. Coughing or straining may make the lump appear.